Property & Citizenship in Slums
My ongoing book project looks at what the United Nations has famously called the “challenge of slums” for urban governments. However, I approach the challenge, which will increasingly mark global cities in the 21st century, from the perspective of slum-dwellers themselves to ask: how do marginalized urban residents negotiate political concessions from the very same political and democratic institutions that obstruct their access to full citizenship? Further, what does the persistence of slum spaces, despite decades of slum clearance or upgradation, say about the distribution of socio-economic rights in the city? I answer these questions by focusing on the citizenship of slum-dwellers through the lens of their property claims.
As a Research Associate at Hyderabad Urban Lab, I conducted ethnographic research and contributed to collaborative projects addressing a range of topics related to sanitation such as public toilet management, the politics of community toilets, and the gendered differentials of access to sanitation. I helped coordinate and organize an online campaign called #DontHoldItIn to spread awareness on the massive shortcomings in public sanitation facilities for women. I also worked with community based organizations to support their advocacy programs and their movements to demand better infrastructures.
Between 2014-2016, as a Research Associate on a Ford Foundation funded project anchored at Hyderabad Urban Lab, I conducted ethnographic research across three cities: Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam; collaboratively carried out analysis of policy discourse, geospatial data, and survey data; helped build relationships and networks among grassroots activists and organizations; among other project activities. The goal of the project was to bridge "1) the gap between local experience in different cities and state and national level housing rights strategies; 2) the gap between housing rights and allied rights such as rights to work, education, health and clean environment."
Low-cost Private Education
Image: Christoph Niemann
Open Source Ethics
Between 2012-2014, while pursuing an M.A. in Development Studies at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences - Mumbai, I completed a dissertation project titled "Networking Change? The Culture of Free and Open Source Software Communities in India". My research was aimed at revealing the actually existing political and ideological positions that inform the everyday discourse on the fora of open source software developers. Based on interviews with thirty key-informants and discourse analysis of publicly archived online discussion groups, I argue that FOSS developers espouse a pragmatic politics interested in defending certain fundamental ideals and infrastructures such as open standards and net neutrality, while being agnostic about others such as intellectual property rights. A very early version of my research and academic writing, this dissertation is about about information technology, knowledge, collective action, community ethics, and other things in between.